While business and financial interests occasionally defended unrestricted immigration, viewing a surplus of cheap labor as essential to industry and westward expansion, calls for measures restricting the flow of the new immigrants continued to grow.
Resources for Teachers, accessed September 22,https: That same year, Congress authorized the Dillingham Commission to investigate the origins and consequences of contemporary immigration.
Inimmigration at Ellis Island reached its peak with 1, immigrants arriving. Although President Grover Cleveland vetoed an law proposing a literacy test for prospective immigrants, further restrictions on immigration continued to be added. Following the assassination of President William McKinley in by the anarchist Leon Czolgosz, xenophobia and hysteria about political radicalism led to the Anarchist Exclusion Act, which excluded would-be immigrants on the basis of their political beliefs.
In accordance with the law, the federal immigration station at Ellis Island included facilities for medical inspections and a hospital. Unlike earlier nineteenth century immigration, which consisted primarily of immigrants from Northern Europe, the bulk of the new arrivals hailed mainly from Southern and Eastern Europe.
A growing chorus of voices sought legislative restrictions on immigration. Between andalmost fifteen million immigrants entered the United States, a number which dwarfed immigration figures for previous periods.
A second Immigration Act in expanded these categories to include polygamists and those sick with contagious diseases, and established a Bureau of Immigration to administer and enforce the new restrictions.
These included more than two and half million Italians and approximately two million Jews from Russia and Eastern Europe, as well as many Poles, Hungarians, Austrians, Greeks, and others.
The Commission concluded that immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe posed a serious threat to American society and recommended that it be greatly curtailed in the future, proposing as the most efficacious remedy a literacy test similar to the one President Cleveland had vetoed in The essay also outlines American responses to the new wave of immigration, including some of the laws designed to restrict immigration that were adopted between and Professional Learning Background Essay on Late 19th and Early 20th Century Immigration This summary of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century immigration describes the "new immigration" that originated from Southern and Eastern Europe.Industrialization and Immigration Essay - An outburst in growth of America’s big city population, places ofpeople or more jumped from about 6 million to 14 million between andcities had become a world of newcomers ().
Keywords United States, Germany, Population, 19th century, Germans 0 Like 0 Tweet After Jackson's first term of presidency, the nation began to 3/5(1). Cities attracted a diverse population composed of hundreds of ethnicities from around the globe.
German and Scandinavian immigrants poured into America during the late 19 th century, attracted by extravagant stories of the wonderful American lifestyle: three meals a day, freedom, and social equality. The 19th century immigrants coming into America, came from many areas of the world.
Many of them wanted to forge new lives in the United States. They sought out the labor that would become available due to the massive industrialization that would take place.
Economic opportunities and stability were there for the taking. The essay also outlines American responses to the new wave of immigration, including some of the laws designed to restrict immigration that were adopted between and Between andalmost fifteen million immigrants entered the United States, a number which dwarfed immigration figures for previous periods.
andpaying particular attention to growth during the late 19th century, when industries were expanding. Specifically, students will examine population density and city.Download