Economic, Social and Psychological Aspect of the Industry 2. Job performance Job performance represents behaviors employees engage in while at work which contribute to organizational goals. An incentive is an anticipated reward that is thought to incline a person to behave a certain way.
The hospitality industry is the provision of accommodation,comfort, entertainment and meals to a visitor for a profit. The various factors in communal life of workers living in industrial environment also influence the psychology of the worker.
Organizational culture Organizational culture has been described as a set of assumptions shared by individuals in an organization; the assumptions influence the interpretation and actions that define appropriate behavior for various situations.
Performance is commonly broken into two major categories: Hence the knowledge of Industrial Management will help anybody managing business activities, tackle the problems encountered.
Personnel recruitment and selection[ edit ] Main article: It is not a new science. Industrial psychology deals with the physical working conditions. Personnel selection is the systematic process of hiring and promoting personnel. Personnel selection involves both the newly hired and individuals who can be promoted from within the organization.
If the conditions are well, the worker feels satisfied and remains healthy while on the other hand if the conditions are got good the workers become dissatisfied.
The problems a manager faces in various organizations are more or less similar to that of Production department but smaller in magnitude. This study is known as the Hawthorne Study. The industrial psychologist recommends physical arrangements, colors, noise, lighting and ergonomics.
Early in the 20th century Arthur Kornhauser examined the impact on productivity of hiring mentally unstable workers. Developing systems technologies By: Performance management may also include documenting and tracking performance information for organizational evaluation purposes.
Job satisfaction has theoretical and practical utility for the field. Psychology of industry also play role in promotions by considers various parameters of an individual that affects his behaviour and so capability.
First, motivation serves to direct attention, focusing on particular issues, people, tasks, etc. As in daily life, we plan our activities; we coordinate available resources and control our activities to achieve certain goals in the most economic way.
In production department the management includes selection of materials, planning of processes, Routing, Scheduling and controlling the activities etc.Industrial and organizational psychology (I/O psychology), which is also known as occupational psychology, organizational psychology, and work and organizational psychology, is an applied discipline within psychology.
The specialty of industrial-organizational psychology (also called I/O psychology) is characterized by the scientific study of human behavior in organizations and the work place.
The specialty focuses on deriving principles of individual, group and organizational behavior and applying this knowledge. The six scopes of industrial psychology are as follows: 1. Economic, Social and Psychological Aspect of the Industry 2. Study of the Physical Aspect of.
Organizational psychology is the science of psychology applied to work and organizations.
This field of inquiry spans more than a century and covers an increasingly diverse range of topics as the nature of work and organizations continue to evolve. Scope of Industrial Psychology Industrial psychology is a branch of behavioral science that directs its research and courses of study to business.
It is not a new science. Since work is central to societal functioning, giving us both material benefits, identity, psychological well-being and a structure to our time and activity, organizational psychology necessitates an understanding of work as a fact of life.
The nature of work has changed as our society has evolved.Download